Subfamily Heliconiinae, Heliconians and Fritillaries
The Heliconians are also called Longwings. The larvae of many eat passion vines and chemicals from the vines are passed on to the adults which are then noxious to predators. The Fritillaries are a sometimes difficult group to identify to species. This group includes the familiar Great Spangled Fritillary, (Speyeria cybele) and the vanishing Regal Fritillary, (Speyeria idalia). The greater fritillaries all eat violets as caterpillars. All in this subfamily are avid flower visitors. Some of the lesser fritillaries are some of our most northerly flyers.